One of these documents, released on May … Attempts to suppress the mourners led to a violent riot. Une petite vidéo qui date d’il y a quelques années mais qui est toujours sympathique! Some changes associated with the "Four Olds" campaign were mainly benign, such as assigning new names to city streets, places, and even people; millions of babies were born with "revolutionary"-sounding names during this period. "[88] Lin delivered the keynote address at the Congress: a document drafted by hardliner leftists Yao Wenyuan and Zhang Chunqiao under Mao's guidance. En 1966, Mao Zedong décide de lancer la révolution culturelle afin de consolider son pouvoir en s'appuyant sur la jeunesse du pays. [193], Academics and intellectuals were regarded as the "Stinking Old Ninth" and were widely persecuted. Le système féodal. - Volume 50 - Marie-Annick Lancelot [242], To make sense of the mass chaos caused by Mao's leadership in the Cultural Revolution while preserving the Party's authority and legitimacy, Mao's successors needed to lend the event a "proper" historical judgment. Industrielle Revolution – Zusammenfassung der wichtigsten Ereignisse. Parce que c'est la seule manière de survivre »[102]. Deng emphatically opposed Party factionalism, and his policies aimed to promote unity as the first step to restoring economic productivity. [213] It led to the persecution and death of its writer Wu Han, as well as others involved in theater, such as Tian Han, Sun Weishi, and Zhou Xinfang. [188], The overall failure of the Red Guards' and radical assimilationists' goals was mostly due to two factors. Suggested Citation . En décembre 1978, Deng Xiaoping est devenu le chef de file suprême de la Chine. [1996] (1996). Son allocution marque pourtant une rupture dans l'histoire de Total : pour la première fois depuis 1924, date de la création de la Compagnie française des pétroles, le groupe intègre l'idée de la diminution de son produit vedette, le pétrole, dans son chiffre d'affaires. La Loi du 11 juillet 1975 introduit en plus du divorce sanction, le divorce remède. Contesté à la tête du régime après l'échec du Grand Bond en avant (1958-1961), qui a provoqué un véritable marasme économique en Chine populaire et accéléré la rupture des relations avec l'U.R.S.S. Le 29 mai 1966, la première organisation de gardes rouges vit le jour au sein de l’université Tsinghua. révolution culturelle Übersetzung, Franzosisch - Englisch Wörterbuch, Siehe auch , biespiele, konjugation Le Congrès national populaire élit alors Liu Shaoqi comme successeur de Mao Zedong. La grande révolution culturelle prolétarienne (en chinois : 无产阶级文化大革命, pinyin : wúchǎn jiējí wénhuà dàgémìng), plus couramment la grande révolution culturelle (文化大革命 wénhuà dàgémìng), ou simplement la révolution culturelle (文革 wéngé) (1966-1976), représente l'un des événements marquants de l'histoire de la république populaire de Chine, dont le retentissement international est considérable. Les affrontements provoquent des centaines de morts et de blessés. Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders Try Prime Cart. In the official narrative, on September 13, 1971, Lin Biao, his wife Ye Qun, Lin Liguo, and members of his staff attempted to flee to the Soviet Union ostensibly to seek asylum. Author & abstract; Download; Related works & more; Corrections; Author. [238][239] Numerous valuable old books, paintings, and other cultural relics were also burnt to ashes.[239]. Mao peut gouverner comme bon lui semble. L’échec de la politique dite du Grand Bond en avant – principalement du fait de la résistance de la paysannerie – non seulement a fermé la perspective d’un décollage ultravolontariste de la production industrielle, mais encore a forcément entraîné une désorganisation désastreuse, sensibles plusieurs années (…). [155][167] Purges of similar nature such as the "One Strike-Three Anti Campaign" and the "Campaign towards the May Sixteenth elements" were launched subsequently in the 1970s. Donc la « responsabilité de ce désastre » ne relève pas de la seule Bande des Quatre, contrairement aux allégations du parti en 1980[117]. Le texte prévoit que l'on ne devra pas prendre de mesure contre les étudiants et élèves des universités et des écoles (article 7), ce qui assure à la jeunesse une forme d'impunité. Jacques Andrieu, « Les gardes rouges : des rebelles sous influence ». Sensing that the largely obstructive party elite was unwilling to embrace his revolutionary ideology on a full scale, Mao went on the offensive. The people of Beijing honored Zhou by laying wreaths, banners, poems, placards, and flowers at the foot of the Monument. However, the Revolution's active phase would last until at least 1971, when Lin Biao, accused of a botched coup against Mao, fled and died in a plane crash. most of the Red Guards who did reach the TAR were Tibetan students, returning from universities elsewhere. [221] For instance, Mei Zhi and her husband were sent to a tea farm in Lushan County, Sichuan, and she did not resume writing until the 1980s. In order to eliminate his rivals within the CPC and in schools, factories, and government institutions, Mao charged that bourgeois elements had infiltrated the government and society with the aim of restoring capitalism. [28], This text, which became known as the "May 16 Notification" (Chinese: 五一六通知; pinyin: Wǔyīliù Tōngzhī), summarized Mao's ideological justification for the Cultural Revolution. During the Red August of Beijing, on August 8, 1966, the party's Central Committee passed its "Decision Concerning the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution," later to be known as the "Sixteen Points. Most of the victims in the massacres were members of the Five Black Categories as well as their children, or members of the "rebel groups (造反派)".

Qcm Géologie Terminale S Corrigé, Conseil De L'europe Russie, Recette Filet De Dinde Entier, Gouvernement Provisoire De La République Française, Médecine Du Loup Chamanisme, Esg Finance Paris Avis, Menu Restaurant Le Clovis ézanville, Licence Pro Btsa, Grèce En Octobre, éolienne Puissance Maximale, Best True Wireless Earbuds,